Thursday, March 22, 2018

52 Ancestors #12: John Beard (c1705-1780): A Man of Means

Ancestor: John Beard, six times great grandfather
Haplogroup: I-M253

Today, I begin writing about my Beard ancestors and the families allied to them through marriage. John Beard was the three times great grandfather of my great grandmother, Effie (Beard) Jennings.

Beard Direct Ancestors with Allied Families (Ancestral Reference Number System
identifier in lower left corner); created using Microsoft PowerPoint

When I took over Dad's genealogical research, Dad had recently discovered the maiden name of his grandmother, Effie, and that she had been born in Bedford County. He did not know who her parents were. In 2013 my brothers and I took the autosomal DNA test offered by Ancestry. One of the first matches I was able to resolve that did not have an already identified common shared ancestor was to a family tree with extensive information about the Beard family. That tree and others provided direction to my Beard family research and eventually I was able to prove my descent from John Beard (1705-1780).

Peter Viemeister, author of From Slaves to Satellites, had this to say about John Beard:

"John Beard's grandfather, Richard Beard, had come to Virginia back in the 1600s...John and son Adam Beard were paying taxes in this region as early as 1748, before Bedford became a distinct county apart from Lunenburg. John was a man of considerable resources: the evaluation of his estate revealed him to be worth several million in today's terms."

Peaks of Otter and the Town of Liberty, Edward Beyer, oil on canvas; courtesy

Later Viemeister wrote, "The Beards brought British heritage..." Did Viemeister mean the Beards were English?

A different theory of Beard origins, and one to which I subscribe, indicates they were Scots and perhaps John's grandfather took what became known as the Great Wagon Road through the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia and eventually he or his descendants settled in Lunenberg County. Later Beard descendants were members of a Presbyterian church and they intermarried into Scots-Irish families in the area. The Presbyterian Church was the national church of Scotland at the time and had been for several years when John Beard was born.

It is not known where John Beard was born or exactly what year. Some secondary sources indicate he was born between 1705 and 1710 and that his father was named Matthew.  A possible land record indicated he was the son of Thomas. John married a woman named Elizabeth, but her maiden name is not known. They had several children, including one son. When John Beard settled in Lunenburg County, it was frontier country. The settlements developed by European Americans were widely scattered. The settlers worked hard to clear land and establish productive farms.

In 1750 John deeded 150 acres on Reedy Creek to William Rutherford "for love and affection I have for my "son-in-law." In 1755 John sold 400 acres to his son-in-law Edward Phair. The land was described as lying on both sides of Falling River including the mouth of Reedy Creek beginning at John Manley's corner.

In 1761 John, his wife, Elizabeth, and their son, Adam, were co-founders of the Peaks of Otter Presbyterian Church.

John and Elizabeth Beard likely furnished supplies to the patriot cause during the Revolutionary War. Several of John and Elizabeth's grandsons fought in the war, including David, Samuel and Adam Beard, Jr., who all served in the Virginia Militia. Samuel Beard also served in the Continental Army.

John Beard's only son, Adam Beard, who had been appointed Constable of Bedford County and had a reputation for "good sense and responsibility,"[1] died sometime December 1777. Adam's wife died the early next year. John's daughter, Hannah (Beard) Rutherford and Rachel (Beard) Phair were also deceased. When John wrote his will on 20 April 1780, he felt it necessary to provide for his grandchildren.

Primogeniture was still law in Virginia in 1780 so the eldest son of John's only son, Adam, should have inherited John Beard's land. Primogeniture only included real estate, or land, and John's will bequeathed his personal property to his his children and grandchildren. 

Last Will and Testament of John Beard; courtesy

In the name of God Amen. I John Beard of Bedford County and Commonwealth of Virginia being weak of body but of perfect mind and memory blessed by God, knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do this twentieth day of April in the year of one thousand seven hundred and eighty make and declare this to be my last will and testament in form and manner following. Viz.

And first I give and recommend my soul to God who gave it and my body to the Earth to be lived in a Christian manner. At the discretion of my Executor nothing doubting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God and touching such worldly goods and estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life I give and bequeath in the manner following. That is to say --

First I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth Beard my true and loving wife my negro woman Moll during her life and after her death I give and bequeath said wench to my granddaughter Elizabeth Campbell and I give and bequeath my negro Will to my daughter Elizabeth Campbell. I give and bequeath my negro boy to Isabel Boze[2] my granddaughter. I will and bequeath also my negro boy Jacob to my granddaughter Rosannah Russell. I will and bequeath also my negro girl Nell to my granddaughter Jean Rutherford. I also leave to Edward Phair my former son in law the sum of five shillings. Unto my grandson David Beard I leave the sum of five shillings as also to my granddaughter Rachel Dixon the sum of five shillings. To my grandson Samuel Beard the sum of five shillings. To my grandson Adam Beard, five shillings. To my granddaughter Rachel Robinson I leave my loom with the tacklings [?] thereto belonging. I like mays bequeath to my beloved wife Elizabeth Beard my negro man Dik and the whole of my moveable estate not before divided such as my stock, household furniture, etc., during her life and to be divided at her discretion at her death whom I likewise appoint as also my daughter Elizabeth Campbell Executrix of this my last will and testament and I also do hereby renounce all former wills made by me or for me. In witness hereof I have hereto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.

John Beard (his mark)

Thomas W. Reynolds
Charles Hall
James Campbell

At a court held for Bedford County the 26th day of Nov 1780:
This last will and testament of John Beard deceased was proved by the oath of Thomas W. Reynolds, Charles Hall and James Campbell witnesses thereto subscribed and ordered to be recorded and on the motion of Elizabeth Beard __________ the Executrix therein named who made oath thereto certificate is granted her for obtaining probate in due form giving security whereupon she together with James Campbell, Charles Hall and Archibald Campbell her securities entered into and acknowledged their bond in penalty of one hundred thousand pounds for the said Executrix due faithful administration of the said decedent's estate and performance of his will.


J. Steptoe

I have not yet found the remaining documents of John Beard's probate package. According to Peter Viemeister, "John had been a very wealthy man. He had sold 2,106 acres of Bedford land between 1775 and 1779, most of which he had acquired before Bedford became a separate county. His estate was valued at 35,466.10 pounds sterling. In terms of equivalent amount of silver, the estate would be worth today between $2.6 and $7.9 million."

This is my entry for Amy Johnson Crow's 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks. The theme for this week was "Misfortune," which I did not follow.

Using the Ancestral Reference Numbering System, John Beard is Ancestor number 288 on my family tree:

288 John Beard born about 1705 in Virginia; died before 26 November 1780 when will was proved in Bedford County, Virginia; married Elizabeth maiden name unknown.

144 Adam Beard born in 1725 in Virginia; died between 2 and 6 December 1777 in Bedford County, Virginia; married Elizabeth maiden name unknown.

288.1 Agnes Beard born on an unknown date; died on an unknown date likely in Burke County, North Carolina; married William Rutherford, widower of sister, Hannah.[3]

288.2 Rachel Beard born 1730 in Lunenburg County (now Bedford), Virginia; died before 1790 when her husband remarried; married Edward "Neddy" Phair in 1748 in Lynchburg, Virginia.

288.3 Hannah Beard born about 1735 in Virginia; died about 1755 in Virginia; first wife of William Rutherford (see sister, Agnes).[3]

288.4 Elizabeth Beard born on an unknown date in Virginia; died after 1780 in Virginia; married Archibald Campbell on an unknown date likely in Virginia.

There may be another daughter named Alce (not Alice) Beard who married Henry Brown, but she has not been proved to be a daughter of John Beard and the Brown children were not mentioned in John's will.

[1] Viemeister, Peter. From Slaves to Satellites: 250 Years of Changing Times on a Virginia Farm, (Bedford, VA: Hamilton's, 1999), pages 21-22.
[2] This was Isabel Rutherford, daughter of William Rutherford and Agnes Beard. She married Shadrach Boaz.
[3] A note on John Beard (1705-1780), former DAR Patriot, indicates that Hannah and Agnes were the same person and the correct name was Agnes.

Ancestry DNA and Finding a New Cousin, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 7 Mar 2018)
Beard, Irene. History of Adam Beard and His Descendants, (Salt Lake City: UT, Genealogical Society of Utah, 1982), pages 1-93.
Deed Book A-1, Bedford Deed books, citing John Beard and Edward Phair, 24 Nov 1755.
Family Data Collection-Births, (database), John Beard, born 1705, Virginia, father Matthew Beard (accessed 17 Nov 2013).
Family Data Collection-Deaths, (database) Ancestry.comJohn Beard, died 26 Nov 1780, Bedford County, Virginia (accessed 17 Nov 2013).
Family Data Collection-Births, (database), Rachel Beard, born 1730, Virginia (accessed 17 Nov 2013)
Genealogical Research Service, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Ancestor A008059, David Beard (accessed 18 Mar 2018).
Genealogical Research Service, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Ancestor A008062, Elizabeth X Beard (accessed 18 Mar 2018).
Genealogical Research Service, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Ancestor A008077, John Beard (accessed 18 Mar 2018).
Genealogical Research Service, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, Ancestor A008084, Samuel Beard (accessed 18 Mar 2018).
Great Wagon Road, Wikipedia (accessed 7 Mar 2018).
Interactive Map of Virginia County Formation History, Map of the U.S. (accessed 7 Mar 2018).
National Society Daughters of the American Revolution (compiler), Lineage Book, Vol. 158, (Washington, DC: NSDAR, 1920), page 231.
Pharr, Henry Newton, Pharrs and Farrs with Other Descendants from Five Scotch-Irish Pioneers in America, (Salem, MA: Higginson Book Company, 1955, pages235-237.
Prichard, A. M. Mead Relations, (Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1933), pages 99-102 
Primogeniture and Succession, Bob's Genealogy File Cabinet (accessed 9 Mar 2018)
Slaves of John Beard (1705-1780 of Bedford County, VA, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 7 Mar 2018)
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1590-1900 (database),, John Beard and Elizabeth (accessed 17 Nov 2013).
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1590-1900 (database),, William Rutherford and Agnes Beard, Virginia (accessed 17 Nov 2013)
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1590-1900 (database),, William Rutherford and Hannah Beard, Virginia (accessed 18 Nov 2013)
U.S. Sons of the American Revolution Applications, 1889-1970 (database and images), Henry Brown (?-?), SAR Membership 40644 (accessed 18 Nov 2013)
U.S. Sons of the American Revolution Applications, 1889-1970 (database and images), John Beard c1710-1780, died Bedford County, Virginia, father of Hannah Beard (accessed 17 Nov 2013).
Viemeister, Peter. From Slaves to Satellites: 250 Years of Changing Times on a Virginia Farm, (Bedford, VA: Hamilton's, 1999), pages 14-15, 20-24.
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images),, Adam Beard, 23 March 1778, Bedford County, Virginia, citing Will Books Vol. 1 1763-1787, images 193-194 (accessed 3 Jan 2018).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images),, Elizabeth Beard, 23 Mar 1778, Bedford County Virginia, citing Will Books Vol. 1 1763-1787, image 194 (accessed 3 Jan 2018).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images), Ancestry.comJohn Beard, 26 Nov 1780, Bedford County, Virginia, citing Will Books Vol. 1 1763-1787), image 246 (accessed 3 Jan 2018).

Who's Your Daddy, Adam Beard?
Beard and Jennings: More Interconnected than I Thought
The Court Case Regarding the Slaves of Mary (Mitchell) Beard
Proving James Harvey Beard's Father
Slaves of John Beard (1705-1780) of Bedford County, Virginia
The Court Doth Adjudge, Order and Decree
The Mother Nobody Knew
George Washington Spoke to Him
Ancestry DNA and Finding a New Cousin

The enslaved named in the last will and testament of John Beard have previously been released to the Slave Name Roll Project. If you learn about named slaves in documents about your ancestors, I hope you will consider contributing.

Monday, March 19, 2018

The Sagamore Investors: Ebenezer Burgess Warren (1833-1917)

Ebenezer Burgess Warren, who most often went by E. Burgess or E. B., was a Philadelphia businessman, inventor and real estate speculator who refined asphalt for paving purposes. He was a highly regarded art collector, mainly paintings of the Barbizon School, and philanthropist. But during his leisure time, he preferred to be out of doors, fishing or boating on Lake George in upstate New York. For several seasons, he brought his family to Mohican House in Bolton Landing, which was operated by Myron O. Brown.

Ebenezer Burgess Warren; courtesy of Warren, Jackson,
and Allied Families
on Internet Archive

Mr. Brown persuaded E. B. and a few other investors to purchase nearby Green Island. In two separate transactions, the men purchased all but two acres of the 72-acre island for $30,000 and formed the Green Island Improvement Co. The first improvement was a bridge from Bolton Landing to the island made of logs and stonework; it was completed in the spring of 1882. Construction began soon after of what the partners envisioned would be the finest hotel on the lake. The Sagamore opened on 2 July 1883 amid much fanfare. Soon after the island was purchased, four of the investors built "cottages" on the shores of Lake George. E. B. built "Wapanak," a Native American word meaning people of the morning.

Wapanak, summer cottage of Ebenezer Burgess Warren, built on the southern
shore of Green Island; courtesy of the Bolton Historical Museum

E. B. owned the steamship Ellide which was timed at 40.2 mph in 1900, not only the fastest boat on the lake but also in the world. In a biographical piece about E. B. Warren The Glens Falls Times wrote in 1905, Warren had, "retired from business during the panic of 1873 to become -- a fisherman."

Steamship Ellide on Lake George; courtesy of The Lake George Mirror

In 1903 his daughter, Betsey (Warren) Davis published a genealogy of her ancestors entitled, The Warren, Jackson, and Allied Families. About her father, she wrote:

"EBENEZER BURGESS WARREN, seventh son and eleventh child of Jesse and Betsey (Jackson) Warren, was born 18 April 1833, at Peru, Vermont, a town on the top of Mount Bromley, in the Green Mountains, whither his parents had moved from West Dedham, Massachusetts. He received his early education at Brandon, Vermont, and at Glens Falls Academy, Glens Falls, New York.

Like his elder brothers, he much desired a higher education, but it was not until 1850 that, after filling several positions of trust in Cincinnati and Louisville for his brothers Samuel and Cyrus, he was enabled, through their cooperation, to attend Burr Seminary at Manchester, Vermont, and afterward, in 1852, Harvard College, where he took a special course in chemistry under Professor Horsford.

Upon leaving Cambridge he lived in Baltimore, Maryland, until February, 1855, when he removed to Philadelphia to engage in business with his brother, Herbert Marshall Warren, and four years later form the firm of Warren, Kirk & Co. in that city, which has since been his home.

In 1865 Mr. Warren established a manufactory of hydrocarbons in Washington, DC, and was one of the first to refine Trinidad Lake asphalt for paving purposes, and was interested in laying the first successful asphalt paving, which was laid and generally adopted in Washington, but has since been the principal paving material of the large cities of the United States.

In 1866, foreseeing that the section of Walnut and Spruce streets west of Twentieth Street, in Philadelphia, would become the most desirable in the city for residences, he purchased real estate on Spruce Street above Nineteen Street, and also west of Twentieth and Twenty-first Streets, and erected costly dwellings upon all this land, some of which had been given over to a most objectionable, even disreputable settlement of people, known as the "Schuylkill Rangers," which were a menace to the neighborhood. Four years later he purchased many vacant lots on Walnut Street west from Nineteenth to Twenty-second Streets, building also upon these dwellings of greater value than any which have been built for sale in the city up to the present time. These dwellings numbered more than forty, and their total value was about two millions of dollars. This undertaking was considered at the time an enormous venture for a man of only thirty-two years, but the results have shown the wisdom of his foresight.

The constructive ability which was also thus demonstrated has made Mr. Warren sought for upon building committees in many charities. He was especially active in the building of the Hayes Mechanic's Home, the Hahnemann College and Hospital, and the Church of the New Jerusalem, Twenty-second and Chestnut Streets, of which building he was one of the original projectors.

Mr. Warren was educated as a Congregationalist, in the old-fashioned strictness of New England, and was named for his father's pastor at Dedham, the Reverend Ebenezer Burgess. He became interested, however, in the writings of Swedenborg and the doctrines of the New Church, through his brothers, who had already become members of that Church, and he himself became a member in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1853, and has since given his aid and encouragement freely to many churches of the organization besides that to which he was personally allied.

Mr. Warren is perhaps most widely known as an art connoisseur and collector. His interest in art began with his first leisure moments, about 1873, and he has since then aided art in all its branches in Philadelphia, through personal encouragement, and in his numerous official positions...

...Mr. Warren has been a director of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts twenty-four years; vice-president of the Art Club, 1898 and 1899, having also been one of the incorporating members. A member of the Union League for many years, he was director in 1900 and 1901, is at present chairman of the Art Committee, and is one of the Committee on Works of Art of the trustees of the Fairmount Park Art Association. He was at one time president of the Hayes Mechanics' Home, and has been for many years a manager of the Hahneman Hospital, of which he was elected vice-president in 1901. He was one of the original members of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, and a member of the Philobiblion Society, the Sons of the Revolution, the New England Society of Philadelphia, having served as vice-president 1899 and 1900, a member of the Philadelphia Country Club, the New York Yacht Club, and the Ardsley Club upon Hudson. Since 1867 Mr. Warren's winter home has been one of the houses which he built on Spruce Street, and since 1875 he has made his summer residence at Lake George, where in 1882 he built his cottage "Wapanak" on Green Island.

He married, at Philadelphia, 21 January, 1858, Emma Bolton, daughter of James Murray and Mary Elizabeth (English) Bolton, whose families were among the original Friends in the settlement of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and of Burlington County, New Jersey. She was born on 7 August 1837, at her father's country home on the Schuylkill River, near the present Fairmount Water Works.

Children of E. Burgess and Emma (Bolton) Warren, born at Philadelphia:

I. MARY BOLTON WARREN, born 27 May 1859;  married, 30 December, 1884, Lieutenant Frederick Wooley, USA, son of Doctor Preston W. and Letitia Anne (Hearne) Wooley, born at Albemarle, Stanley County, North Carolina, 19 September, 1852. They reside at 121 East Thirty-fourth Street, New York City. Issue:
     A. BURGESS WARREN WOOLEY, born at West Point, New York, 3 January, 1886.
     B. FREDERICK HEARNE WOOLEY, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 16 January, 1889.
     C. MARY BOLTON WOOLEY, born at New York City, 19 March, 1900. 

II. CAROLINE PEROT WARREN, born 7 December, 1860; one of the board of managers of the National Society of the Colonial Dames our America, the City Parks Association, the Presbyterian Hospital, the Eurydice Chorus, and member of the Civic Club of Philadelphia. She married 1 June, 1887, the Reverend Doctor Louis FitzGerald Benson, son of Gustavus and Margaretta FitzGerald (Dale) Benson, born at Philadelphia, 22 July, 1855. They reside at Philadelphia. Issue:
     A. CAROLINE WARREN BENSON, born at Germantown, Pennsylvania, 11 April, 1888.
     B. MARGARETTA FIZGERALD BENSON, born at Germantown, Pennsylvania, 27 February 1894.
     C. BARBARA ENGLISH BENSON, born at Bar Harbor, Maine, 28 July, 1897.

III. WALTER MOORE WARREN, born 19 June, 1862; died 28 July, 1862.
IV. BETSEY WARREN, born 24 October, 1867; married 29 November, 1892, Isaac Robert Davis, son of Edward Morris, Jr., and Sarah Louisa (Gibbons) Davis; born at "Chelton," Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, 13 November, 1864. They reside at 2015 Spruce Street, Philadelphia. Issue:
     A. ISAAC ROBERT DAVIS, JR., born 26 January, 1895.
     B. BETSEY WARREN DAVIS, born 29 May, 1900.
     C. BURGESS WARREN DAVIS, born 13 October, 1901.
V. CHARLES BOLTON WARREN, born 25 May, 1869; died 29 February, 1871.
VI. HELEN WARREN, born 19 July, 1879."

E. B.'s wife, Emma, died 6 June 1906 in Philadelphia of heart disease. She was interred at Laurel Hill Cemetery. E. B. died 26 January 1917 in Philadelphia also of heart disease and was buried beside his wife. The summer cottage on Green Island still exists and is owned by The Sagamore. It may be rented by the resorts guests.

Ebenezer Burgess Warren was a member of the eighth generation of descendants of Arthur Warren, who was born in 1613 in England and settled in Weymouth, Massachusetts, before 1638. He acquired several acres of land and when he died on 6 July 1658 was a prominent citizen of the colony. He and his wife, Mary, had five known children, all born in Weymouth:

     A. ARTHUR WARREN, born 17 November 1639.
     B. ABIGAIL WARREN, born 27 October 1640.
     C. JACOB WARREN, born 26 October 1642.
     D. JOSEPH WARREN, living in 1671.
     E. FEARNOT WARREN, born June 1655.

II. JACOB WARREN, born 26 October 1642 in Weymouth; died 1722; married 27 June 1667, Chelmsford, Massachusetts, Mary Hildreth, daughter of Richard Hildreth, born 1 September 1650, Cambridge, Massachusetts, died 17 December 1730, Chelmsford. Issue born in Chelmsford:
     A. JACOB WARREN, born about 1668; died at Plainfield, Connecticut, 3 September 1727; was one of the founders of Plainfield; deacon of the church; married Sarah _____.
     B. JOSEPH WARREN, born 25 October 1670.
     C. ELIZABETH WARREN, born 3 March 1674; married 17 July 1695, Nathaniel Blodgett.
     D. EPHRIAM WARREN, born 24 June 1680; died at Killingly, Connecticut; will proved 4 May 1747; was one of the founders of Killingly; captain of Killingly train-band, 1729 until his death; married before 1792, Abigail Burnham.

Original Warren homestead in Chelmsford, Massachusetts; courtesy of
The Warren, Jackson, and Allied Families

III. DEACON JOSEPH WARREN, born 26 October 1642; married 11 March 1696, Ruth Wheeler, daughter of Sergeant Thomas Wheeler, of Concord, Massachusetts. Issue born in Chelmsford:
     A. ELIZABETH WARREN, born 9 December, 1700; died 30 December 1765; married Benjamin Parker; publishment, 18 February 1721.
     B. JOSEPH WARREN, JR., born 5 April 1699.
     C. JACOB WARREN, born 13 December 1700; died 1754; married, 1721/22, Ruth Stratton.
     D. THOMAS WARREN, born 5 March 1704; married, 1725, Esther Adams.
     E. EPHRAIM WARREN, born 6 December 1707; died 1799; married Esther Parker. He removed to Townsend, Massachusetts, about 1773, and was the father of General Ephraim Warren of the Revolution.
     F. RUTH WARREN, born 23 August 1711.
     G. JOHN WARREN, born 25 July 1714; married Elizabeth Howard; chosen deacon of the Chelmsford church in 1649; removed to Townsend in 1764.

IV. JOSEPH WARREN, JR., born 5 April 1699, Chelmsford; married Tabitha Parker, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Howard) Parker of Chelmsford on 18 July 1721/22. Issue born at Chelmsford:
     A. JOSEPH WARREN, born 24 August 1724.
     B. TABITHA WARREN, born 10 June 1727; married 7 February 1751, Josiah Burdge, of Townsend.
     C. BENJAMIN WARREN, born 30 August 1729; died 28 August 1800; served in battles of Lexington and Concord; married 1754 Isabel Farmer.
     D. SARAH WARREN, born 30 July 1733; died 11 August 1799; married 1755, Lachias Richardson.
     E. MARY WARREN, born 13 April 1736; married 29 April 1767, Abel Spalding.
     F. RUTH WARREN, born 4 September 1741; died 4 February 1804; married 26 April 1744, Joseph Emerson.

V. CAPTAIN JOSEPH WARREN, born 24 August 1724, Chelmsford; died 17 March 1792, Chelmsford; married 1) 15 April 1752, Joanna Fletcher, daughter of Josiah and Josanna (Spalding) Fletcher, and 2) 23 February 1769, Sarah Osgood, daughter of Jospeh Osgood. Issue born in Chelmsford:
     A. JOANNA WARREN, born 6 April 1753; married 1777, John Spalding.
     B. JEDUTHAN WARREN, born 24 November 1756.
     C. JEREMIAH WARREN, born 23 February 1763; died 20 September 1810; married 1 October 1789, Rachel Spalding.
Child of Capt. Joseph and Sarah (Osgood) Warren:
     D. JOSEPH WARREN, born 7 December 1769; died 9 February 1858; married, 27 February 1794, Mary Spalding.

VI. JEDUTHAN WARREN, born 24 November 1756, Chelmsford; died 28 October 1841, Westminster, Massachusetts; fought in the Revolutionary War as a volunteer in Capt. Ford's company in a regiment of Massachusetts Militia from 30 September to 8 November 1777; married 22 July 1779, Joanna Moors, daughter of Simeon and Joanna (Thorndike) Moors. Issue born at Westminster:
     A. POLLY WARREN, born 31 November 1780; died 1847; married Timothy Downe and resided at Fitchburg, Massachusetts.
     B. JOSEPH WARREN, born 17 December 1781; was lost at sea when a young man.
     C. JESSE WARREN, born 23 January 1784.
     D. EZRA WARREN, born 28 FEBRUARY 1786; died 21 January 1796
     E. JEDUTHAN WARREN, born 5 March 1788; died 7 May 1860; married Lydia K. Osborne and resided at Westminster.
     F. MICIAH WARREN, born 23 September 1790; died at Rushville, Illinois, 10 April 1864; married near Hilham, Tennessee, 1 January 1822, Mary Durant, daughter of Edward Durant.
     G. SIMEON WARREN, born 27 May 1794; married twice but names of wives not ascertained.
     H. JOANNA WARREN, born 15 October 1796; died 1882; married Ephraim Osborne and resided at Fitchburg.
     I. EZRA WARREN, born 9 October 1799; married Mary Ann Pitts.

VII. JESSE WARREN, born 23 January 1784, Westminster; died 18 June 1854, Fitchburg, Massachusetts; 20 September 1807, married Betsey Jackson, daughter of Oliver and Mary (Pierce) Jackson. Isssue:
     A. JOSEPH RUSSELL WARREN, born 15 December 1808, Westminster; died 13 February 1809.
     B. MARY ANN WARREN, born 18 December 1809, Dedham, Massachusetts.
     C. JOSEPH WARREN, born 3 February 1812, Dedham.
     D. BETSEY WARREN, born 17 February 1814, Dedham.
     E. ELVIRA WARREN, born 10 February 1817, Dedham.
     F. JOHN WARREN, born 11 September 1819, Dedham.
     G. SAMUEL MILLS WARREN, born 12 February 1822, Dedham.
     H. CYRUS MOORS WARREN, born 15 January 1824, Dedham.
     I. HERBERT MARSHALL WARREN, born 16 January 1927, Dedham.
     J. HARRIET NEWELL WARREN, born 9 January 1830, Peru, Vermont; died 19 September 1869, Fitchburg.
     K. EBENEZER BURGESS WARREN, born 18 April 1833, Peru.

West Dedham homestead of Jesse Warren; courtesy of The Warren, Jackson,
and Allied Families

Davis, Betsey Warren. The Warren, Jackson, and Allied Families Being the Ancestry of Jesse Warren and Betsey Jackson, (Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1903), pages 1-284.

Gates, William Preston. History of The Sagamore Hotel, (Bolton Landing, NY: W. P. Gates Publishing Co., 2015), pages 1-52.

Christmas Eve at the Sagamore

Thursday, March 15, 2018

52 Ancestors #11: Henry Downs (bef 1761-c1825): Recently Discovered Direct Ancestor

Ancestor, Henry Downs, four times great grandfather
DNA Haplogroup: Unknown

Henry Downs is a "new" four times great grandfather. Of course, he has been one of my direct ancestors since I was born but I only learned of his existence late last year thanks to a comment on a blog post that directed me to a Fauquier County, Virginia, Chancery case.

Henry was enumerated in the 1810 and 1820 census as living in Fauquier County, which had been formed from Prince William County in 1759.

Census information about the household of Henry Downs; created using
Microsoft Excel

Henry Downs wrote his will on 8 December 1821:

The last will and testament of Henry Downs, Fauquier Count Will Book 13,
page 448, image 250; courtesy of

In the name of God amen. I Henry Downs of the County of Fauquier and the State of Virginia, being at this time in good health of body and of sound disposing mind and memory, calling to mind the uncertainty of this life, do make this my last will and testament in the manner following, viz.

First, I will and desire that all my just debts and funeral charges be paid as soon as practicable after my decease.

Secondly, I will and bequeath to my loving wife Mary Downs all my estate both real and personal of every sort during her natural life or widowhood and at her death or marriage that all my personal estate be sold and equally divided among my three daughters, namely Elizabeth Garret, Sarah Jewel, and Mary Jones, share and share alike to them and their heirs and assigns forever.

Thirdly, I have already executed a deed to my son Henry Downs for part of my land therein mentioned which I consider his full share of my estate. Said deed is dated on the twenty-ninth day of July one thousand eight hundred and twenty.

Fourthly, I give and bequeath to my son William Downs one half of the residue of my land on the southernmost side of my tract to be laid off by a line parallel with William Battson's line on which it binds, to him and his heirs and assigns forever.

Fifthly, I give and bequeath to my son Thomas Downs the balance of my land it being the third share, being between the shares of my other two sons Henry and William aforesaid, his lawful heirs and assigns forever.

And lastly, I do hereby constitute appoint and empower my beloved son Henry Downs aforesaid and my trusty friend John Sinclair my executors to this my last will and testament, publishing and declaring this to be my last will and testament in the presence of to which I have set my hand and seal this 8th day of December one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one,

Henry Downs (signed and sealed)

Alex H. Bennett
Casper Johnson (his mark)
William D. Sinclair

At a court held for Fauquier County on the 26th day of January 1825, this last will and testament of Henry Downs deceased was proved by the oath of Alex H. Bennett a subscribing witness thereto -- And at a court held for said county on the 23rd day of February 1835 a writing purporting to be the last will and testament of said Henry Downs deceased was again produced to the Court, and it appearing to the satisfaction that this same has been heretofore proved by the oath of Alex H. Bennett on of the subscribing witnesses thereto, and that Casper Johnson another subscribing witness, is dead, and that William Sinclair the remaining subscribing witness has no known place of residence, and therefore Henry Downs was introduced and sworn as a witness who deposed and said that he was present and saw the said Casper Johnson attest the said writing -- and on the motion of Luther O. Sullivan the same is ordered to be recorded as the last will and testament of the said Henry Downs deceased. Henry Downs one of the executors named in the said last will and testament personally appeared in open Court and refused to take upon himself the burthen of execution thereof -- And at a court held for said County of Fauquier on the 23rd Day of March 1835, John Sinclair another one of the executors named in the said last will and testament, by his writing under his hand and seal, refused to take upon himself the burthen of the execution thereof. -- Administration with the will annexed of the estate of Henry Downs deceased is granted to Luther O. Sullivan who thereupon qualified and gave bond and security according to law, the security having satisfied.

A. J. Marshall, clerk

An appraisement of the estate of Henry Downs was supposed to have occurred on 29 April 1825 and been filed with the court on 26 September, but it is not located at book and page numbers cited in the will index. I have yet to go through the will book for 1825 image by image. Luther O. Sullivan filed an account of sales and a second appraisement in 1835 and on 28 August 1837 made his last recorded administrator's account:

Administrator's account for the estate of Henry Downs, Fauquier County Will
Book 15, page 313; courtesy of

In the account Mr. Sullivan stated all the personal property of Henry Downs, which was to be sold after this wife's death with the proceeds being distributed equally among his daughters, was sold by 3 April 1835. After expenses, there was $1,236.23 remaining to be divided. Next, he began paying the heirs and his administrator's account provided more new information.

Mary (Downs) Jones was dead by 1836; therefore, Luther O. Sullivan paid $136.51 on 15 February 1836 to the assignee of of her son, Notley W. Jones, a man named Amos Johnson. Mr. Sullivan noted in the account that Notley was entitled to one-third of the proceeds from the sale of his grandfather's personal property. This turned out not to be the case. (He should have received a third of a third.) On 13 May 1836 Mr. Sullivan paid Catherine (Garrett) Russell, daughter of Elizabeth (Downs) Garrett $414.43. This indicated that her mother died sometime before 1836. No mention was made of Henry's daughter, Sarah (Downs) Jewell in the administrator's account. And that, I think, is when the trouble started.

On 16 April 1840 the heirs of Henry Downs' daughters filed a bill of complaint in the Fauquier County Chancery Court against Luther O. Sullivan, claiming they had not been paid. All of the his daughters were deceased by the time their mother died and the sale of their father's personal property had been completed. And those heirs were numerous:

Heirs of the daughters of Henry Downs; note Elizabeth (Garrett) Russell
correct given name is Catherine; created using Microsoft PowerPoint

Eventually, after a year of haggling in court with Mr. Sullivan, the heirs of Henry Downs' daughters were all paid.

This is my entry for Amy Johnson Crow's 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks. The theme for this week was "Lucky." I feel lucky that I began blogging about my family history as comments on posts have resulted in countless new cousins, new information, corrections, and so much more.

Using the Ancestral Reference Numbering System, Henry Downs is Ancestor number 70 on my family tree:

70.0 Henry Downs born before 1765; died before 26 January 1825; will written and probated in Fauquier County, Virginia; married Mary (maiden name unknown). Shed died before 1836.

70.1 Henry Downs, Jr. born about 1775 per 1850 and 1860 census; died after 1860; married Mary (maiden name unknown); father deeded him one-third of his real property on 29 July 1820

70.2 William Downs born before 1800; died after 1830

70.3 Thomas Downs born before 1800; died after 1830

70.4 Elizabeth Downs born on an unknown date; died between 1825 and 1836; married a man named Mr. Garrett.

35.0 Sarah Downs born on an unknown date; died between 1825 and 1833; married Thomas Jewell

70.5 Mary Jones born on an unknown date; died between 1825 and 1836; married a man named Mr. Jones.


1810 US Census (database and images), FamilySearch, Henry Downs, Fauquier County, Virginia, 1810; citing p. 250 NARA microfilm publication M252 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration), roll 68; FHL microfilm 181428 (accessed 29 Dec 2017).
1820 US Census (database and images), FamilySearch, Henry Downes Sr, Fauquier, Virginia, 1820; citing p. 105, NARA microfilm publication M33 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration) roll 136; FHL microfilm 193,695 (accessed on 29 Dec 2017).
1830 US Census (database and images), FamilySearch, Henry Downs, Fauquier, Virginia, 1830; citing 451, NARA microfilm publication M19 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration) roll 194; FHL microfilm 29,673 (accessed (30 Dec 2017).
1830 US Census (database and images), FamilySearch, Thomas Downs, Fauquier, Virginia, 1830; citing page 451, NARA microfilm publication M19 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration) roll 194, FHL microfilm 029673 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
1830 US Census (database and images), FamilySearch, William Downs, Fauquier, Virginia, 1830; citing page 450, NARA microfilm publication M19 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration) roll roll 194, FHL microfilm 029673 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
1850 US Census (database and images), FamilySearch, Henry Downs, Fauquier county, part of Fauquier, Virginia, 1850; citing family 236, NARA microfilm publication M423 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
1860 US Census (database and images),, Henry Downes, North East Revenue District, Fauquier County, 1860; citing family 422 NARA microfilm publication M653 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration citing page 59, FHL microfilm 805344 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
Discovering Henry Downs, a "New" 4X Great Grandfather, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 6 Mar 2018).
Powhatan Perrow Jennings (1812-1858): A Life Cut Short, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 6 Mar 2018).
Thomas Jewell (bet 1776 and 1784-c1833): Mystery Man, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 8 Mar 2018).
Virginia Chancery Court Records, 1786-1969, Library of Virginia, Fauquier Chancery Court 1841-009, 72 pages (accessed 28 Dec 2017).
Virginia Select Marriages, 1785-1940 (database),, Henry Downs father of Charles M. Downes marrying Emily F. Windsor (accessed 1 Jan 2018).
Virginia Select Marriages, 1785-1940 (database),, Catherine Russell and Thaddeus Russell as parents of Sarah E. Russell, bride, Fauquier County, 1855 (accessed 1 Jan 2018).
Virginia Select Marriages, 1785-1940 (database),, Catherine Russell and Thaddeus Russell as parents of William H. Russell, groom, Clark County, 1874 (accessed 1 Jan 2018)
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1938 (database and images),, Henry Downs Will, Appraisements, Account of Sales, and Administrator's Account, Fauquier Index to Wills 1759-1924, image 60 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images),, Henry Downs Will, 1821; Fauquier Will book 13, page 448 (accessed 31 Dec 2017).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images),, Henry Downs Appraisement, 1825; Fauquier Will book 9, page 312, (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images,, Henry Downs Account of Sales, 1835; Fauquier Will book 14, page 41 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images,, Henry Downs Second Appraisement, 1835; Fauquier Will book 14, page 42 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).
Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983 (database and images,, Henry Downs Administrator's Account, 1837; Fauquier Will book 15, page 313 (accessed 30 Dec 2017).

Thomas Jewell (bet 1776 and 1784-c1833): Mystery Man
Powhatan Perrow Jennings (1812-1858): A Life Cut Short
Discovering Henry Downs, a "New" 4X Great Grandfather

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Momma, Meet Your Great Uncle, Gustav August Fabrizius

Dear Momma,

Remember that DNA test you took in 2013 and how we hoped it would help us learn more about your family? It has and I want to tell you about the latest discovery. We surmised from a Russian birth registration which included the patronymic middle names for your Schalin grandparents that your great grandfather's name was Wilhelm Fabrizicius. I think we were right! I'm waiting on all the DNA science mumbo jumbo to prove or disprove this. (see below)

But it brought us no closer to learning the name of Wilhelm's wife and the mother of your grandmother, Auguste (Fabrizius) Schalin. I found a new DNA match whose family tree included a man named Gustav August Fabrizius along with his parents, Wilhelm Fabrizius and Anna Holstein. Momma, I think Gustav was your grand uncle, a brother to your maternal grandmother.[1]

My pedigree chart on 1 January 2018; note the missing great great grandmother;
who was Auguste (Fabrizicus) Schalin's mother? Image courtesy of

Gustav was born on 5 August 1868 in the Ruthenia[2] area of the Russian Empire to Wilhelm Fabrizius and Amalie Holstein. At the age of 19, he traveled to Bremerhaven, Germany, with his maternal aunt and uncle August and Marie Louise (Holstein) Linck, and boarded the North German Lloyd SS Eider. The ship stopped at Southampton, England, before arriving at New York on 17 December 1887. He was processed at Castle Garden at the tip of Manhattan, now part of Battery Park.

Gustav made his way to Iowa and married Maria "Mary" Freund, daughter of Hans Freund and Fredricke Toglitz on 21 June 1890 in Clinton County. Mary's mother had immigrated from Germany as a young girl. Gustav and Mary's first two children were in Clinton County. On 22 October 1894 Gustav became a naturalized United States citizen at the District courthouse in Clinton County.

By 1899, Gustav had moved his family his family to Muscatine, Iowa, which is located on the west bank of the upper Mississippi River. Gustav worked as a foreman at a pickle farm. The cucumbers were likely planted after the last frost in mid-May. Those cucumbers would generally be picked in July, which might make it possible to get two crops per year.

They rented a house on Fletcher Avenue in Muscatine across the street from Greenwood Cemetery, which had been open since 1843. At the time the city did not yet have a system for numbering houses to provide an exact address. By 1904 they moved a short distance to a house on Nyenhuis Street and then by 1907 to 1212 Henry Avenue, which no longer exists.

By 1910 Gustav and his family moved to Seventy-Six Township in Muscatine County, which was about 50 miles southwest of the city. Gustav rented a truck farm which he worked on his own account. They had a hired man, named George Peters, who lived with them and helped out on the farm.

Muscatine County Townships; courtesy of the University of Iowa

About 1918 Gustav moved his family back to the city of Muscatine and began working at the McKee Button Company as a button cutter. Muscatine was known as the pearl button capital of the least according to their museum. The buttons were made from mussel shells and an an article on the Muscatine History and Industry Center website describes the work of a cutter:

"Shell cutters operated lathes with tubular saws made of hardened steel and used tongs to hold the shell in place. Jets of water sprayed on the saw during cutting to keep it cool and to control dust. The cutter produced blanks or circular pieces of shell with one rough side and one smooth side. Before the shell could be cut, it soaked in water for at least one week. Without proper soaking, the brittle shell splintered and caused extreme wear on cutting saws.

Working conditions in shell cutting shops were unpleasant at best. The water needed during the cutting drenched workers with building temperatures fluctuating. All workers experienced the discomfort of standing in the same position all day, but many also sustained injuries. While shell dust irritated the throat and lungs, flying shell particles caused eye injuries.

The average cutter could use up to 100 pounds of shell a day, resulting in about 25 gross, or 3,600 blanks. Since workers were paid by the piece, they wanted to produce as many blanks as possible. The cutting shop carefully weight the amount of shell given to each worker. The skill and careful attention of the cutter was required to obtain the optimal number of blanks per shell. Managers penalized workers for cutting imperfect, thin, or otherwise unusable blanks. Workers were also held responsible for excessive waste of shell."[3]

Button cutters at work; courtesy of the Muscatine History and Industrial Center

Three of Gustav's sons also worked at the button factory. Gustav worked at the McKee Button Company until 1936. 

By 1925 Gustav rented a home at 116 Clinton Avenue and paid his daughter, Esther, $16 per month in rent. She owned the home valued at $1,600 and her mortgage was $800. Gustav and Mary remained at 116 Clinton Avenue until Gustav died on 19 March 1939 of broncho-pneumonia and chronic myocarditis. The funeral was held at their home on 22 March and officiated by Rev. D. R. Anderson, pastor of the Mulford Congregational Church. Gustav was interred at Greenwood Cemetery.

116 Clinton Avenue, Muscatine, Iowa; courtesy Google Maps

When the 1940 census was enumerated Gustav's widow, Marry lived at 600 Liberty Street. She rented it for $15 a month. Living with her was her son, Henry, who never married; and daughter, Kathleen; Kathleen's daughter Deryth; and Mary's brother, Charlie. She continued to live in Muscatine at various addresses including 1011 Mill Street until her death on 16 May 1957. She was interred beside her husband at Greenwood Cemetery.

Like your grandmother, Auguste, and mother, Wilhelmina, Mary Fabrizius had nine children:
  • Bertha Amelia Fabrizius born 14 Jun 1891 in Clinton County, Iowa; died 7 August 1971; married 1) Ralph Clarence Strohm in January 1917 in Rock Island County, Illinois, (divorced) and 2) Henry Jearold McEwen 28 January 1931 in Gretna, Louisiana. 
  • Otto Albert Fabrizius born 28 September 1894 in Clinton County; died 17 March 1980 in Muscatine; married Verna Marie Schlipf on 12 September 1922 in Muscatine; World War I Veteran.
  • William A. Fabrizius born 18 February 1897 in Muscatine; died 20 September 1968 in Muscatine; married Verna Minnie Bierman.
  • Esther Alvena Fabrizius born 23 November 1899 in Muscatine; died 15 August 1987 in Cook County, Illinois; married widower, Arthur E. Kindler 26 April 1940 in Cook County.
  • Henry Fabrizius born 21 October 1902 in Iowa; died 29 September 1966; never married
  • Ruth A. Fabrizius bon about 1906 in Muscatine; died 18 July 1994 in Muscatine; married Hugo Frederick Braasch on 11 September 1924 in Muscatine.
  • Kathleen Marie Fabrizius born on 28 February 1908 in Musatine; died 15 November 2000; married Albert Henry Benninger after 1940.
  • Carl Herbert Fabrizius born 12 October 1910 in Seventy-six Township, Iowa; died in October 1970; married Vera Pauline Allensworth.
  • George Arthur Fabrizius born 17 April 1913 in Muscatine; died in January 1983; married Odetta M. Farrier on 9 April 1938 (divorced).
Momma, remember how we speculated that Fabrizius might be a Russian name and that your grandmother, Auguste, may not have been of German heritage like her husband? We were wrong. In the 1920, Gustav indicated his native tongue was German. So I began researching the origins of the Fabrizius surname. It dates back to the 13th century and was first found in Bavaria. It was an occupation surname, used by an artist or craftsman, and was derived from the Latin word "faber," which means ingenious or skillful.

And the Fabrizius family was of the German Baptist faith as Gustav reported on the 1915 Iowa state census as were your maternal grandparents.  The federal census began asking people the birthplace of their parents in 1880. Gustav indicated his father was from Ruthenia Russia in 1920. This is now part of Ukraine and encompasses Kiev and the surrounding area. This would be east of where your Schalin ancestors lived.

Here's that science mumbo jumbo that makes your eyes glaze over:

DNA tests I manage with matches to people with the Fabrizius Surname in
their tree (centimorgans/segments); created using Microsoft Excel

Mom, since you died several of your nieces and nephews have also DNA tested and either shared their results with me or allowed me to manage their tests. As of today, we have three different people with the Fabrizius surname in their family trees who match with one or more of our relatives. Next, I need to ask the three Fabrizius testers if they would be willing to upload their results to GEDMATCH so I can compare the matching segments. Hopefully, I'll be able to make your eyes glaze over some more!

I love you and miss you every day.

Your loving daughter.

[1] Another relationship possibility is that the Wilhelm Fabrizius married to Amalie Holstein was a brother to Auguste (Fabrizius) Schalin named for his father Wilhelm. If this is the case, then I still do not know the name of my great great grandmother.
[2] Ruthenian Russia included Kiev and its surrounding areas now in Ukraine.
[3] Button Cutting, Muscatine History and Industrial Center (accessed 27 February 2018)

Sunday, March 11, 2018

The Great Blizzard of 1888

I am a woman of the mid-Atlantic, with deep paternal roots in Virginia and a heart that beats for a climate with long, warm days and the pounding of the ocean surf. I like experiencing all four seasons --  the beautiful, riotous blooms of spring, and bountiful colors of autumn. I accept the hot, hazy, humid days of summer in exchange for a small, very small, dose of winter.

Yet I find myself living, temporarily, in upstate New York. The Hudson River Valley is beautiful country with mountains to the east and west of the river and much history to explore. The winter of 2017-2018 has been brutal, however. So far I have survived wind gales over 60 mph accompanied by below zero temperatures and much snow. I long for spring!

When I heard another 10 inches of snow was expected in early March, I began to wonder if winter would ever end. Surfing the Internet for some answer as to when my suffering would be over, I found as I always seem to do times when upstaters had it worse. One such day occurred 130 years ago.

In March 1888 the 11th day fell on a Sunday. Light snow began to fall about 3:00 p.m. and there was 3 inches of snow on the ground at midnight. The storm intensified overnight and people of the New York capital region awoke to 18 inches of snow accumulation. The snow continued to fall on the 12th and the 13th of March before finally stopping about 3:00 a.m. on the morning of the 14th. What became known as the Great Blizzard of 1888 dropped nearly 47 inches of snow with drifts up to 50 feet high. All these years later, the great blizzard still holds the record snowfall for a storm in Albany by 20 inches.

Albany, New York, after the Great Blizzard of 1888; courtesy of the Albany
Institute of History and Art, Morris Gerber Collection

The blizzard paralyzed the Eastern seaboard from the Chesapeake Bay to Maine. Trains stopped running, telegraph wires fell, and people were confined to their homes for days at a time. With no coal being delivered, people's houses went unheated. It was this blizzard that impelled government officials to move pieces of infrastructure underground.

Thursday, March 8, 2018

52 Ancestors #10: Thomas Jewell (aft 1776-abt 1833): Mystery Man

Ancestor: Thomas Jewell, three times great grandfather
Haplogroup: Unknown

Thomas Jewell was my three times great grandfather, father of Catherine Jewell, first wife of Powhatan Perrow Jennings, my two times great grandfather. I call him my "mystery Jewell."

Based on the 1810 and 1820 census he was born between 1776 and 1784. His father could be Thomas Jewell born about 1740, but more on that later. "My" Thomas married Sarah "Sally" Downs[1], daughter of Henry and Mary Downs of Fauquier County, sometime before 1800. According to a Chancery case, Fauquier County 1841-09, regarding the last will and testament of Henry Downs and the probate package for Thomas Jewell, we know he had six children who lived to adulthood. Those children were all born in Virginia.

On 15 December 1805 Thomas Jewell purchased 100 acres known as Porrage from Reuben Novell and his wife, Polly. The land adjoined property owned by Henry Turner of England, and Alex Jewell, who I believe to be an older brother. Thomas took possession of the land on 6 December 1806.

By 1810 Thomas Jewell lived in Amherst County, Virginia, and was enumerated in the 1810, 1820, and 1830 census:

1810, 1820 and 1830 census enumerations for Thomas Jewell household;
created using Microsoft Excel

I have estimated birth years for the six children based on other records, such as census, marriage, death, and chancery cases, and I cannot make sense of the 1820 census in terms of slotting the children into the sex and age ranges listed. Thomas Jewell remained in the 26-44 age range but it appeared his wife, Sally, was not enumerated unless she was categorized in the 20-29 category.

It is possible that Thomas served with the Virginia Militia in the 3rd (Dickinson's) Regiment, but I have not yet determined if the record is for "my" Thomas Jewell.

Thomas Jewell's Probate Package

Thomas Jewell died about 1833. There are two abstracts of probate records in The Wills of Amherst County, 1761-1865, by Bailey Fulton Davis:

THOS. JEWELL -- Book 8, Page 354 -- Administrator's Bond -- September 16, 1833. JESSE MUNDY. Bondsman: CHAS. MUNDY. Book 8, Page 364 -- Inventory -- Farmer - $3,706.76. September 30, 1833. WM. KENT; LAWSON TURNER; RUBEN CARVER. Book 9, Page 22 -- Division to legatees: JESSE JEWELL, WM. WOODSON, JAS. JEWELL, CATH. JEWELL, URIAH BURLEY, TERISHA JEWELL. October 30, 1833. JNO. DILLARD, WM. KENT, D. STAPLES.

CATH. JEWELL -- Book 8, Page 355 -- Guardian Bond -- October 21, 1833. JESSE JEWELL, JAS. JEWELL, and TERISHA JEWELL for JESSE as guardian of CATH. JEWELL, orphan of THOS. JEWELL, deceased.

In addition to learning the names of his children, I learned Thomas Jewell was a farmer and his estate was valued at $3,700, or $102,000 in today's dollars.

A Chancery Court Breakthrough

On 16 April 1840, Jesse Jewell and his five siblings as well as their spouses and/or children and maternal cousins filed suit in the Fauquier County Chancery Court against the Luther O. Sullivan, the administrator of Henry Downs' estate. Henry Downs was their maternal grandfather.

Henry Downs had three sons and three daughters. In his will he divided his land into thirds and bequeathed it to his sons. His three daughters were to split his personal property into thirds after their mother's death. However, by the time Mary Downs died, sometime before 1840, their three daughters were also deceased. So their interest in Henry's personal property went to their children.

Children of the daughters of Henry Downs. Note: The given name of Elizabeth
(Downs) Garrett's daughter should be Catherine, not Elizabeth; created using
Microsoft Powerpoint

There were two surprises in this Chancery case in addition to discovering the correct maiden name for Thomas Jewell's wife and the names of her parents.

I had assumed James Jewell was a son, but he was a son-in-law, married to daughter, Harriet Jewell. I had also assumed Terisha[2] was a daughter, but she was a he and married Sophia Ann Mahone. He died about 1838 so his three minor daughters were parties to the lawsuit. This Chancery case was also confirmation that Thomas Jewell's wife was deceased, perhaps confirming the 1820 record.

Daughter, Catherine

Thomas Jewell and Sally Downs' youngest daughter was named Catherine. She was born in 1813 in Amherst County. At the age of 23, she married Powhatan Perrow Jennings on 23 February 1836 in Amherst, becoming my great great grandmother. She had six children between 1838 and 1850, five boys and one girl. Catherine died in 1854 according to her headstone. Her death would have occurred before 10 May as her widower remarried on that date. There is a Find a Grave memorial for Catherine (Jewell) Jennings which indicates she was interred at the Mount Pleasant United Methodist Church Cemetery in Fancy Hill, Virginia. However, several Jennings researchers do not believe she was buried there but rather that her burial location is unknown. Her husband, Powhatan, died four years later but was interred at Tudor Hall Cemetery in also Fancy Hill.

Using the Ancestral Reference Numbering System, Catherine (Jewell) Jennings is Ancestor number 17 on my family tree.

A Word about DNA

I have been fortunate in my relatives. On the Jennings side of my family tree, my two siblings, my paternal uncle, two first cousins, and a first cousin once removed have all taken autosomal DNA tests and allowed me to manage their results. Between all of us, we have 12 matches with the common shared ancestor being Powhatan and Catherine (Jewell) Jennings; two matches with the common shared ancestor being Catherine's parents Thomas and Sarah "Sally" (Downs) Jewell and six matches to the person I believe to be Thomas' father, who I call "Unknown" Jewell. Each of these six matches are descendants of Judith Jewell, who I think was a sister of "my" Thomas Jewell.

Jewell DNA match to other Jewell family besides Catherine (Jewell) Jennings;
created using Microsoft Excel

Judith Jewell[3] was born about 1768 in Amherst County, which would make her about eight years older than Thomas. She married Dennis Ensey, son of Jacob Ensey, sometime before 1805. Dennis was born in Frederick County, Maryland, served in the War of 1812 in the 90th Regiment. He was discharged at the rank of Matross. They were responsible for assisting gunners load, fire and sponge the artillery guns. By 1830 Dennis and Judith's family had migrated to Warren County, Tennessee, and by 1840 they had settled in Coffee County. Dennis died in January 1860 of old age per the Federal Census Mortality Schedules. Judith's death date is unknown.

Judith and Dennis Ensey had four known children, all born in Amherst County, Virginia. The six DNA matches are through their sons, Rhodum Hathum, William Thomas, and Alexander Charles Ensey.

If I am correct about the relationship between Thomas Jewell and Judith (Jewell) Ensey, my family tree would look like this:

Possible "new" Jewells based on DNA test matches; created using
Microsoft PowerPoint

It is possible my Unknown Jewell was Thomas Jewell, who served as a sergeant in Capt. Andrew Wallace's Company of the 12th Virginia Regiment during the Revolutionary War. He was listed on the February 1778 payroll. However, no one with the Jewell surname is included in the Daughters of the Revolution (DAR) Ancestors database.

I reviewed the patriarch spreadsheet at the Jewell DNA Project but could not find "my" Thomas Jewell listed. So now I am on the hunt for a male Jewell descendant who would be willing to take a FamilyTree Y-DNA test and contribute the results to the project.

This is my entry for Amy Johnson Crow's 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks. The theme for this week was "Strong Women." As you have may have noticed, everything about researching Thomas Jewell has been difficult, including being able to use this week's theme. Even our temporary move to upstate New York has been an issue. It was soon after we moved that a comment on a previous blog post about the Jewell family pointed me in the direction of the Chancery case. So many books that could help me advance this research are just sitting in the Virginia Room of the Fairfax County Public Library, but I no longer live 10 minutes from the library, three hours from the Amherst County Courthouse, or two hours from the Library of Virginia in Richmond.

Using the Ancestral Reference Numbering System, Thomas Jewell is Ancestor number 34 on my family tree:

34.0 Thomas Jewell, born between 1776 and 1784 according to the 1810 and 1820 census; died about 1833 in Amherst County, Virginia, as an administrator's bond was filed in Amherst County on 16 September 1833; married Sarah Downs, daughter of Henry and Mary Downs, about 1800.

34.1 Jesse Jewell, born between 1800 and 1810. He was still in Amherst County in 1833 as he was appointed his sister, Catherine's guardian but disappeared from the records after that. There are 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 census records for a Jesse Jewell born about 1796 in Sullivan County, Indiana, but I do not know if they are for "my" Jesse Jewell.

34.2 Harriet Jewell, born about 1803 in Amherst County; died after 1880; married James Jewell on 21 December 1821 or 1826 in Amherst County and migrated to Georgia between 1840 and 1850, settling in Whitfield County.

34.3 Tacey Ann Jewell, born about 1804 in Amherst County; died 13 April 1872 in Temperance, Virginia; married Uriah Burley or Burleigh on 10 March 1830 in Amherst County.

34.4 Terisha or Terresha Jewell born about 1805 in Amherst County; died about 1838 when his wife requested a guardian bond for their three daughters in Kanawha County, Virginia (now West Virginia); married Sophia Ann Mahone 31 March 1832 in Kanawha County.

34.5 Sarah Ellen Jewell born about 1812 in Amherst County; died before 1840; married William Woodson on 19 March 1832 in Amherst County.

17.0 Catherine Jewell born 1813 in Amherst County; died in 1854 in Amherst County; married Powhatan Perrow Jennings, son of John W. Jennings, Sr., and Anna Maria Waldron on 23 February 1836 in Amherst County.

[1] Most public trees list her maiden name as Guilford but this is not correct as proved by the Fauquier County Chancery case 1841-009.
[2] Many document transcriptions list his name as Jerry, but if you look closely at the original handwriting, I believe it is actually Terry, which makes more sense to me.
[3] The wife of Dennis Ensey is named Delphy in many family trees. I am not sure how this came about since the two marriage index records list his wife as Judith.

12th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War), FamilySearch (accessed 2 Mar 2018).
12th Virginia Regiment, Valley Forge Muster Roll (accessed 2 Mar 2018).
1810 US Census, (database with images) FamilySearch, Thomas Jewell, Amherst Virginia; citing p. 299, NARA microfilm publication M252 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration) roll 66; FHL microfilm 181426 (accessed on 9 Jul 2015).
1820 US Census, (database with images) FamilySearch, Thomas Jewel, Amherst Virginia; citing p 28 microfilm publication M33, (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration), roll 131, FHL microfilm 193690 (accessed 9 Jul 2015).
1830 US Census, (database with images) FamilySearch, Thomas Jewell, Amherst Virginia; citing 505, NARA microfilm publication M19 (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration), roll 194, FHL microfilm 29673 (accessed on 9 Jul 2015).
Davis, Bailey Fulton. The Wills of Amherst County 1761-1865, (Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1985).
Davis, Bailey Fulton, The Deeds of Amherst County 1761-1852 and Albemarle County 1748-1807, (Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1979), page 450.
Discovering Henry Downs, a "New" 4X Great Grandfather, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 2 March 2018).
DNA Discoveries: Jewell Progress, Tangled Roots and Trees (accessed 2 Mar 2018).
Fauquier County 1841-009, Virginia Chancery Court Records citing Jesse Jewell etal, Library of Virginia (accessed 28 Dec 2017).
Find A Grave, Memorial 127484632, citing Catherine B. Jennings, died 1854 (accessed 13 Apr 2013).
Inflation Calculator, In 2013 Dollars (accessed 2 Mar 2018).
Jewell, SurnameDB (accessed 3 May 2014).
Jewell DNA Project, The, WorldFamilies (accessed 17 December 2015).
Matross, Wikipedia (accessed 2 March 2018).
Third Auditor's Office (editor). Virginia Militia of the War of 1812, (Richmond, VA: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1999), page 3.
Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940, (database), citing Powhatan Jennings and Catherine Jewell, 1836, Amherst County, Virginia (accessed 13 Apr 2013)
Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940, (database), citing Thomas Jewell, father of the bride Sarah Jewell, married William Woodson (accessed 12 Nov 2017).

Powhatan Perrow Jennings (1812-1858): A Life Cut Short
What Happened to Sophia, Widow of Terresha "Terry" Jewell?
Discovering Henry Downs, a "New" 4X Great Grandfather
DNA Discoveries: Jewell Progress
Discovering My Local Family History Center